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Chemical Engineering  Plantwide Control of Chemical Processes
   
 
Title: Plantwide Control of Chemical Processes
Department: Chemical Engineering
Author: Dr. Nitin Kaistha
University: IIT Kanpur
Type: WebLink
Abstract:

The issue of control structure selection, where the control system designer must make decisions as to what variables need to be controlled and the corresponding manipulated variables, is usually treated in a very perfunctory manner in courses on control theory.

In practical chemical process operation, it is this choice of the control structure that turns out to be crucial towards effective disturbance rejection and maximizing process profitability.

Given the large number of control degrees-of-freedom even for the simplest of chemical processes with material/energy recycle, how does one systematically design an effective plant-wide control system? This course addresses the same using an engineering common sense approach.

Essential process control theory fundamentals are very briefly covered followed by control structure design for common unit operations such as reactors, distillation columns, heat exchangers and miscellaneous operations (furnaces, refrigeration systems etc).

Issues in plantwide control such as proper inventory management and effect of material/energy recycle are then highlighted followed by comprehensive plant-wide control system design case-studies on example processes.

Control structure design considerations for maximizing plant profitability are explicitly covered.

Based on the case-studies, a systematic plant-wide control system design procedure is developed and demonstrated on example processes.

The course broadly covers process control as practiced in the process industry and prepares the ChE student for a career in process operations.

Practicing engineers will also find the material useful for improving the efficiency and profitability of their processes.

Contents:

Essentials of process control: process dynamics, model fitting (identification), PID feedback control and tuning, advanced control structures, multivariable control, DMC.

Control of common unit operations: Control of reactors, distillation control including complex column configurations, heat exchanger control, control of miscellaneous unit operations such as compressors, furnaces, refrigerators and boilers.

Plant-wide control fundamentals: Snowball effect, propagation of variability, inventory management, through-put manipulation.

Plant-wide control case studies: Recycle process with side reaction, Cumene process, HDA process. Systematic plant-wide control system design procedure with example applications.
 
   
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