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# Lecture Name
Title: Aspects of Western Philosophy
Department: Humanities and Social Sciences
Author: Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly
University: IIT Madras
Type: WebLink
Abstract: This course attempts to give an overview of the major philosophical trends and approaches of the European civilization. It starts with a discussion of the Greek philosophy where we find the historical beginnings of Western thought.
After a discussion of the major contributions of the Greek thinkers like the pre-Socratics, Sophists, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, the course will have a brief examination of Medieval philosophy.
A detail examination of the Modern Philosophy will follow where we discuss the Rationalism of thinkers like Descartes, Spinoza and Leibnitz, the Empiricism of John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume, the critical philosophy of Kant, the absolute idealism of Hegel and the historical materialism of Karl Marx. This will be followed by an examination of Nietzsches criticism of western philosophy.
The remaining portion deal with twentieth century contributions to western philosophy, with an examination of the major traditions of Analytic philosophy and Continental thought.
We will discuss thinkers like Russell and Wittgenstein and also the contributions of the Logical Positivist philosophers when we discuss Analytic philosophy and the discussion of Continental thought will begin with the Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl.
This will be followed by a discussion of the philosophies of Heidegger and Sartre and some other Existential philosophers. The course will conclude with a brief survey of the Postmodern developments that take place in contemporary thought.
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