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Biotechnology  Thermodynamics
Title: Thermodynamics
Department: Biotechnology
Author: Prof. G.K. Suraishkumar
University: IIT Madras
Type: WebLink

Module 1: Review

Review of basic concepts – systems, surroundings, processes, properties (extensive/intensive), components (single/multi), phases (G/L/S), ideality, zeroth, first, second laws and their consequences (T, U, S).

Module 2: Additional useful thermodynamic functions

The thermodynamic functions H, A and G, concept of chemical potential, equations for a closed system, Maxwell’s relations, thermodynamic analysis of processes – lost work, irreversibility, thoughts on Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics in the context of Biological Processes and Systems.

Module 3: Thermodynamic properties of pure fluids

Review of ideal gas, non-ideal gas, PVT behaviour, virial and cubic equations of state, generalized correlations, residual properties, estimation of thermodynamic properties using equations of state.

Module 4: Thermodynamics of solutions

Partial molar properties, fugacity, ideal and non-ideal solutions, excess properties of mixtures, activity coefficient, Gibbs-Duhem equation

Module 5: Phase Equilibria

Phase rule, criteria for phase equilibria, VLE for pure component, VLE for multi-component system

Module 6: Reaction Equilibria

Equilibrium criteria for homogenous reactions, evaluation of equilibrium constant, effect of temperature and pressure on equilibrium constant, calculation of equilibrium conversion and yields for single and multiple reactions.
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